Explosion Test Range-Box Canyon
BakerRisk’s test facilities are unique in the industry and offer a wide range of testing capabilities. The Box Canyon Test Facility (BCTF) is BakerRisk’s largest test facility that supports vapor cloud explosion (VCE) tests, deflagration load generator (DLG) tests, and many other one-off type tests (jet fire, pool fire, dispersions, etc.) in support of research and litigation.
The Box Canyon Test Facility is located about 20 miles to the west of Uvalde, Texas and is approximately 2.3 miles long by 1.5 miles wide (2,300 acres). The test facility is named “Box Canyon” for its unique topography. The mountains around the property boundary create a “box canyon” in the center. There are several hundred acres of relatively flat land distributed within the “box canyon” that will be employed for testing. The steep hills surrounding the test site help with noise dissipation and the dry west Texas climate allows for year round use of the facility.
Currently, the test facility has three designated test sites; 1) Vapor Cloud Explosion Test Site, 2) Deflagration Load Generator (DLG) Test Site, and 3) Jet Fire/Misc. Test Site. There are many acres within the test facility that can be developed for potential test programs.
Vapor Cloud Explosion Test Site
- Conduct VCE tests to measure the blast loads. The test range has the capability to conduct VCE tests which range from slow speed deflagrations to deflagration-to-detonation transitions (DDT).
Deflagration Load Generator (DLG) Test Site
- Deflagration Load Generator produces blast waves with a gradual rise to peak pressure, which is representative of the blast wave from a vapor cloud explosion (VCE) that could accidentally occur at refining and chemical processing facilities. The DLG test rig provides the capacity to produce blast waves representative of a VCE over a range of peak pressures and durations. Structural test specimens can be placed in front of the test rig to determine and validate their response to realistic VCE blast loads.
Jet Fire/Misc. Test Site
- Developed to support jet fire tests and other one-off type tests. The jet fire tests are intended to provide a better understanding of the hazards associated with jet fires and refine the computer models used for facility safety assessments.