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author

Alex Fergusson
Stephanie Salazar
David McQuade

published on

September 2021

Understanding the consequences from pipeline loss-of-containment events is crucial to pipeline safety management. The methodology presented in this paper for determining consequences leverages BakerRisk’s expertise in dispersion and fire modeling for the refining and pipeline industries, supported and verified against field tests and benchmarked with findings from BakerRisk’s work with incident investigations. Once consequences are known and better understood, emergency response plans can be enhanced to help mitigate vulnerabilities and exposures to such events. Using pipeline-specific information for dispersion and fire modeling, consequences can be represented by distances to thresholds of concern such as flammable concentration and thermal radiation endpoints of interest. In addition, modeling can be used to assess endpoints for other hazards such as toxic exposure and explosion impacts; however, this paper focuses only on flammable and thermal consequences.

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Alex Fergusson

Stephanie Salazar

David McQuade