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Gabriel Shelton

published on

April 2022

Lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries have the potential for hazards such as fire, explosions, and the release of toxic gasses. Battery Energy Storage System (BESS) is a collection of Li-ion batteries that are assembled into racks of modules. Depending on the arrangement of the racks and modules, the hazards have the potential to propagate between batteries, modules, or even the racks. The consequences of the hazards are dependent upon many factors including the chemistry of the battery, the arrangement of modules and racks, and the overall geometry of the BESS equipment group or enclosure. This paper aims to describe how thermal runaways can occur in BESS and studies the blast impacts and structural response due to release of flammable gas mixtures from batteries.

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