Papers and Conference Presentations
The downhole tool industry commonly conducts tests that require pressurization of a vessel. The most common failure mode is through the launching of end caps, plugs, and fittings as opposed to a catastrophic rupture of the vessel body. This type of vessel failure during high-pressure gas testing can produce significant threats to nearby personnel in the form of high-energy projectiles and blast waves that must be blocked or dissipated before reaching personnel. Adequately designing a structure to contain this energy depends on how well a worst case scenario event can be modeled.
Globally, the energy industry is experiencing a wave of new green hydrogen and ammonia projects, some now at the early stages, some in construction, and many just starting production.