The goal of explosives safety is to ensure that personnel (both on- and off-site), equipment, and/or explosives are provided with an appropriate level of protection from an accidental explosion. BakerRisk can provide guidance on quantity-distance (QD) siting as well as protective design if QD cannot be achieved. Our experience encompasses a wide array of analysis and design methods, which allows us to provide clients with solutions customized to their specific needs.
Explosives safety can be achieved in a variety of ways, depending on the individual constraints applicable to each site and its operations. BakerRisk is familiar with a range of tools and methods, ranging from simple to complex, for addressing explosives safety issues.
At its most basic level, explosives safety is achieved by providing sufficient separation distance (D) from or between the stored/processed quantities (Q), to achieve Q-D compliance. Governing regulations include DESR 6055.09 for government facilities, DOD 4145.26-M for government contractors, or 27 CFR Part 555 for industry. We are also familiar with standards applicable to Canada, the UK, and NATO. Our intimate familiarity with these requirements allows us to apply Q-D criteria to assist clients with the selection of storage options, placement of inhabited buildings, and barricades for fragment mitigation.
Our engineers are familiar with the use of IMESAFR if the project requires compliance with the American Table of Distances (ATD) or probability-based risk assessment for siting of explosives facilities.
Where Q-D requirements cannot be met, whether due to high explosive weights or restrictions on real estate, protective construction is called upon to ensure occupant safety. The voluminous requirements of UFC 3-340-02 for the determination of blast loads, structural response, primary fragments, and debris throw are central to the design process. Our experience with Conblast (and its constituent models SHOCK, FRANG, and MUDEMIMP), BlastX, SBEDS, and TRAJ-CAN allows us to efficiently apply these codes to develop specific project requirements.
Where UFC methods prove too conservative for clients’ needs, we have a range of high-fidelity modeling tools for more realistic prediction of blast loads (CFD) and structural response (FEA). These can be used on a selective basis for high-value applications to refine and optimize the design of selected components/elements. Phenomena that can be addressed include blast propagation in internal or external environments, as well as structural response accounting for realistic boundary conditions, component interaction, and highly non-uniform loading. Other phenomena we can address include unconventional materials and primary fragment perforation.
“For our project, Michelle and the BakerRisk team have been crucial to our success. What some may find an area of impossibility is quickly turned into a state of reality. The technical expertise and presentation have been key to our operation in understanding energetics and how it relates to the safety and design of our facility.”
Ryan JacobsonPlant Operations Director, Federated Ordinance
“Michelle and her team have provided an excellent service over the last period and responded very quickly.”
M. CreedSenior Project Lead | Orica Limited
“In general, BakerRisk provided high-quality analysis and design information on schedule. They were able to adjust to changes imposed on the project by the primary client. BakerRisk was responsive to questions and worked well with the rest of the team.”
M. BeanVice President Structures | Bohannan Huston
“BakerRisk delivered top-notch explosives safety analysis and blast mitigation design in support of our critical manufacturing facility design project. The BakerRisk team integrated seamlessly with our internal design team providing a high level of collaboration and quality.”
S. ClineKansas City, MO