Why Trust Us?

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Combined Years Experience

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Tests Performed

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What Sets Us Apart

The BakerRisk difference.

Determining the response of systems to different hazards is vital for the protection of personnel and infrastructure. BakerRisk’s industry-leading experts, technology, and state-of-the-art testing facilities, allow us to properly characterize hazards and systems for your facilities and products.

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Complete Evaluations

Our analysis and design expertise allows us to evaluate your product or system application thoroughly prior to and after each test. Unlike test facilities that only offer commodity testing services, BakerRisk test engineers provide guidance through all phases of testing and performance validation programs; we are a full-service engineering consultancy.

Fully integrated testing

Testing and performance validation is integral to both our teams and practice. Expertise is leveraged from our Blast Effects, Protective Structures, Process Safety, Incident Investigation, and Materials groups to conduct test programs that deliver practical and accurate results. All BakerRisk test programs are managed by the same professionals who design, analyze, assess, and investigate systems to protect personnel and infrastructure from real-world catastrophic events. Because all of our testing teams include engineers who have both practical testing and real design experience, we are able to consult with you regarding the real-world application of your product and system performance.

Qualifications

BakerRisk testing personnel include licensed and practicing engineers, research scientists, and industry-leading subject matter experts in the fields of structural response, combustion, energetic materials, metallurgical analysis, and beyond. We are uniquely qualified to conduct research focusing on product development, proof of performance testing, forensics, or legal support testing that cannot be accomplished at typical test facilities.

Custom Testing

Your evaluation needs are unique. BakerRisk excels at creating custom-tailored testing and research programs to help you solve problems expediently and accurately. Our testing staff works with you to define your needs and design a test program to achieve your goals. Whether you need a small proof test or a multidisciplinary research study, BakerRisk will guide you from start to finish.

Testing capabilities

What we offer.

BakerRisk provides a wide range of testing and validation services. Our testing engineers conduct everything from small to full-scale structural response testing, to lab scale metallurgical evaluations, to fire and flammable dispersion studies. From proof testing research, our testing services help you meet your organization’s goals and standards.

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Lab services

  • Metallurgical Failure Analysis
  • Scanning Electron Microscopy
  • Flammability Testing
  • Energy Dispersive X-Ray Analysis
  • Equipment Examination and Testing
  • Laminar Burning Velocity Testing

Structural Response Testing

  • Shock Tube Blast Testing of Components: Walls, Doors, Windows, Blast Dampers, etc.
  • High-Explosive Arena Blast Testing: Wall, Glazing, and Large Systems
  • Vapor Cloud Explosion Full-Scale Blast Testing: Component and Whole-Building Tests
  • Projectile, Weapon, and Fragment Impact Testing: Weapon Research and High-Pressure Hazard Characterization

Test Facilities

Two Texas-based large-scale test facilities for characterizing real hazards such as:

  • Flammable Gas Dispersion, Liquid Releases, and Jet Fire Hazards
  • High-Pressure Equipment Hazards
  • Vapor Cloud Explosions
  • Runaway Reactions

Testing Videos

BakerRisk testing in action.

shock tube

Shock Tube Tests

Discover the true resilience of structures and systems – efficiently.

BakerRisk’s indoor shock tube is used to test blast resistant windows, doors, wall panels, passive fire protection systems, blast dampers, and a variety of other components and systems. All testing activities are supported by licensed and practicing structural engineers experienced in the evaluation and design of structures in response to blast loads; and by the designers of the shock tube itself.

Shock tube testing is supplemented by uniform static testing capabilities and other unique structural test configurations, including full-scale building testing. BakerRisk has designed the shock tube to test structural components up to 16’ x 10’. Full scale building blast response tests are conducted with HE Arena Testing or DLG Testing at the Box Canyon Test Facility.

Shock tube test data

What you’ll learn from BakerRisk shock tube testing.

Test programs can include a myriad of instrumentation to gather quantitative information, such as applied loading and structural response data. Structural response data includes acceleration, deflection, reaction forces, strain, and high-speed video documentation.

The various data acquired during test programs is used to supplement test reports, to develop analytical models, and to validate observed component response. The comprehensive data acquisition at our test facility ensures that our customers can plan to account for installation variances between how a product is tested and how it is installed by understanding how each test parameter influences component response.

Dynamic data from shock tube testing

 

Blast Loads

Strain

Acceleration

Deflection

Anchorage reaction forces

High speed and high definition video

Standards

How we ensure test quality and rigor.

BakerRisk several key standards when blast testing doors and windows. We have also developed test procedures for evaluation of components and systems that are not covered by existing standards, such as fire-resistant materials and blast dampers.

Glazing/Glazing Systems

  • ASTM F1642
  • GSA TS01
  • ISO 16934
  • EN 13124

Doors

  • ASTM F2247
  • ASTM F2927

Shock Tube Testing

See an example of shock tube testing.

Discover the impact of a shock tube test with video records of a demo window test. Imagine what you could learn from the same test setup.

High Explosive Tests

Measure structure resilience against explosive hazards.

BakerRisk’s high explosives (HE) testing leverages our 2,300-acre Box Canyon test facility, along with decades of hands-on engineering consulting expertise in dynamic structural response, to provide comprehensive and cost-effective test solutions.  Our engineers will guide your test program to successful completion while offering insights and instrumentation consulting to help you achieve useful data from your experiments.

High explosive test data

  • Pressure
  • Acceleration
  • Deflection
  • Anchorage Reaction Forces
  • Strain
  • High-Speed and High-Definition Video
arial photo of a high-explosive

Test Range and Instruments

What we use for high explosive tests.

The HE test range is used to test blast-resistant windows, doors, wall panels, passive fire protection systems, and a variety of other components and systems, some of which are highly complex. HE charges can also be used to facilitate research into directly initiated vapor cloud detonations. BakerRisk has designated the HE range limit to be in excess of 1,000 lb TNT equivalent. HE testing activities can be supported by structural engineers experienced in the evaluation and design of structural components in response to blast loads.

HE testing is complemented by uniform static testing capabilities, shock tube blast testing, and other unique structural testing capabilities. Full-scale building tests are also possible with the BakerRisk DLG test rig at the Box Canyon facility.

Tests can include a myriad of instrumentation to measure applied loading and structural response data, such as accelerations, deflections, reaction forces, strains, and global response with high-speed video documentation.

Performance Compliance

Testing and Performance Standards

BakerRisk has developed test procedures for the evaluation of components and systems that are not covered by existing standards, such as fire-resistant materials and blast dampers. In addition to being instrumental in the development of new test standards, we also provide tests in accordance with many established standards.

Glazing System Performance Standards

  • ASTM F1642
  • GSA TS01
  • ISO 16934
  • EN 13124

HE Testing

Footage of BakerRisk explosive tests.

Vapor Cloud Explosion

Vapor Cloud Explosion Tests

Determine the magnitude and behavior of a potential VCE.

Our 2,300-acre Box Canyon Test Facility has the capability to conduct large-scale vapor cloud explosion (VCE) tests that range from slow-speed deflagrations to deflagration-to-detonation transitions (DDTs). In addition to conducting client-specific tests, BakerRisk also conducts VCE test programs in support of our Explosion Research Cooperative (ERC), internal research projects, and industry regulatory organizations. We use data collected from these test programs to improve VCE consequence modeling, to help clients better understand their specific hazards, and to investigate potential enhancements to VCE mitigation techniques.

Results from our extensive industry-leading research continue to generate improvements in the prediction methodologies and mitigation techniques used throughout the industry.  Publications and presentations from this research are often shared at conferences and regulatory organizations to the benefit of our clients and the safety of personnel worldwide.

Tested Parameters

Fuel type and concentration

Obstacle size

Ignition location

Separation distance between congested volumes

Presence of confinement

Directional venting with panels

Jet releases

Conditions for Deflagration to Detonation Transition

Client Accommodations

Explosion testing programs accommodate specific client requirements.

Create congested volumes

From 216 ft³ (6 m³) up to 5,000 ft³ (145 m³)

Field high-speed cameras

Typical resolutions of 1024×768 @ 3,000 fps

Record 100 channels of data

Up to 100,000 Hz per channel

Vapor cloud testing

See what a BakerRisk VCE test looks like.

View recorded footage of a lean hydrogen DDT test and an ethylene VCE test.

Deflagration Load Generator Tests

Blast testing with directed vapor cloud explosions.

The Deflagration Load Generator (DLG) produces blast loads representative of large vapor cloud explosions (VCEs) that can occur at refining and chemical processing facilities.

Data and lessons learned from component-level testing with the BakerRisk Shock Tube are often combined with HE Arena and DLG full-scale testing to achieve holistic understanding of building or system response, with full component interaction. This data is used to validate our advanced modeling techniques to accurately predict system behavior. BakerRisk uses these validated techniques to sharpen the pencil and provide cost-effective solutions to protect your personnel and infrastructure.

What We’ll Measure

  • Free-field and applied blast loading
  • Blast infiltration and shielding phenomena
  • Combined component and full-scale response
  • Internal debris hazards
  • Peak dynamics deflection and permanent damage

Deflagration Testing

Interior non-structural debris hazards.

1.8 psig overpressure, 40 psi-ms impulse, 40 ms duration

Jet fire test

Dispersion and Jet Fire Tests

Safeguard your worksites from gas and jet fire hazards.

Gas dispersion and jet/pool fire testing is performed at both the Wilfred E. Baker Test Facility (WEBTF) and Box Canyon test facilities, depending on the desired test configuration and magnitude. Tests conducted for dispersions and jet/pool fires provide a better understanding of the hazards associated with these events. We have done many different hydrocarbon releases (both liquid and gas), as well as hydrogen and nitrogen releases. Furthermore, we will soon be performing CO2 dispersion tests at these facilities.

The primary gas dispersion and fire test rig is located at the WEBTF and was initially developed to support vapor dispersion and jet fire tests. As clients have discovered the importance of understanding “real” hazard scenario situations, the site’s capabilities have expanded to handle a range of tests from detector reliability to PHA scenario verification. To handle all possible client needs, we have the capability to perform pressurized gas releases (supply pressure up to 3,000psig) at a release pressure of 500psi, as well as foam suppression testing.

Our Facility

Hardware and systems for comprehensive dispersion and jet fire tests.

BakerRisk’s 80’×80′ fire and dispersion test pad includes the hardware to conduct vapor and liquid discharges. The data acquisition system (DAQ) and historian used with this test location can accommodate 48 I/O channels for instrumentation, with supplementary DAQ systems available for even larger-scale experiments. Our instrumentation capabilities allow us to collect data to verify and refine computer models used for facility siting studies and quantitative risk analyses. In addition to test apparatus, the site has a range of firewater mitigation systems to test the effectiveness of various suppression, rainout, and extinguishing systems to mitigate different hazard events.

Applicable test programs

  • Evaluating the thermal resistivity of structural, process, or instrumentation components.
  • Walls, wall treatments, doors, windows, and other structural components.
  • Passive and active fire protection.
  • Evaluating the performance of gas and fire instrumentation with full-scale outdoor events.
  • Water deluge for fire and gas mitigation using a 1,000 gpm pump with diesel driver.
  • One-off client equipment tests on the 80’×80′ pad, such as prototype-fired equipment, flow elements, and more.

Jet Fire Testing

What a jet fire test looks like.

BakerRisk’s gas dispersion and fire test rig is appropriate for many test setups and allows for rigorous data collection. See what tests look like at this facility below.

High-Pressure Testing

Can your structures stand up to high-pressure hazards?

At our state-of-the-art Wilfred E. Baker test facility, we perform R&D on various types of pressure testing conditions to help you better understand the hazards present in your operations, improve upon current codes and standards, and develop new and improved hazard prediction methodologies.

Infrastructure and High-Pressure Instruments

The types of high-pressure tests we can perform.

BakerRisk’s WEBTF enables you to gather a wealth of data from barricade tests, projectile tests, and other tests in which fragments or projectiles are impacting objects, initiated by a high-pressure system failure. Our testing infrastructure includes both standardized and custom state-of-the-art pressure-testing apparatus designed to facilitate complex experiments with exceptional results.

Specialized high-pressure testing infrastructure

With our advanced testing infrastructure, we conduct experimental tests and research to improve upon current codes and standards as well as enhance high-pressure hazard prediction methodologies. We launch fittings, flanges, plugs, and endcaps to simulate accidents that involve projectile hazards. Other hazards, such as blast loads from pressure releases and pipe-whipping from supply line releases, have also been investigated through experimental testing.  Projectiles have also been launched at supersonic speeds to simulate weapons effects and other hazards from high explosives.

brick wall

Barricade protection testing

High-pressure testing operations often utilize barricades for protection against pressure-testing projectile hazards. BakerRisk can perform barricade testing using traditional construction materials such as reinforced concrete and structural steel, as well as novel concepts such as ballistic blankets. These tests aid in improving understanding of structural design for projectile impacts and may also serve as proof tests for vendor-supplied products.

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Performance and proof testing

Third-party performance and proof tests are typically conducted at elevated temperatures and pressures to satisfy various requirements (e.g., API and others). This is especially useful when your demands for pressure testing exceed the capacity of your existing facilities or when you are faced with unique project challenges.  BakerRisk can accommodate specialized testing requirements using our uniquely designed hardened or submerged pressure test enclosures.

Our Specialists

Meet our testing and performance validation experts.