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Hydrogen Projects

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Hydrogen Testing and Research Programs

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Hydrogen Published Papers

Hydrogen Safety and Analysis

Helping you use hydrogen safely.

In 2019, hydrogen explosions associated with hydrogen fueling in Gangneung, Korea (May), Santa Clara, California (June), and Baerum, Norway (June) emphasized the need for proactive safety analysis of hydrogen infrastructure. Our commitment is to help our clients in safely developing the production and infrastructure for hydrogen to be the sustainable alternative in the future energy economy mix.

With a comprehensive understanding of hydrogen’s unique properties, as well as the safety-related risks in the hydrogen value chain, BakerRisk will provide you with a holistic analysis to understand risks associated with hydrogen, hydrogen fuel, and hydrogen carriers.

Services

Hydrogen safety investigation, testing, and more.

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Incident Investigation and Litigation Support

  • Forensic investigation
  • Root cause analysis

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Testing

  • Flammable testing
  • Ignition probability testing
  • Explosion testing

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Hazard Identification

 

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Consequence and Risk Analysis

  • Production facilities
  • Carbon capture and storage (CCS)
  • Hydrolyzer and Electrolyzer
  • Filling stations
  • Transportation including truck, rail, and pipeline
  • Fuel cells

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Materials Science

  • High-temperature hydrogen attack and hydrogen embrittlement failure analysis
  • Damage mechanism review

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Building Design Risk Mitigation

  • Blast-resistant building design
  • Hazard containment enclosure design

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Hydrogen Code Reviews

  • NFPA 2
  • NFPA 55
  • CGA Codes
  • International Fire Code
  • International Building Code
  • ASME Codes

 

Hazardous Area Classification

  • HAC documentation and analysis
  • HAC standards application
  • Software analysis

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Ammonia Safety and Analysis

Ammonia as a hydrogen carrier.

The hydrogen economy is also looking at carriers such as ammonia and methanol for hydrogen delivery because it is much easier to liquefy, store, and transport these materials than hydrogen.

Currently, ammonia shows great promise as a hydrogen carrier because electrochemical systems can convert ammonia to fuel-cell-ready clean hydrogen on-site at any scale. Ammonia, while harder to ignite and with a much lower explosion energy than hydrogen, has the unique challenge of being an acute toxic inhalation hazard.

In parallel to our testing programs focused on the flammable and explosive characteristics of hydrogen and ammonia, we have tested and characterized the safe design of toxic shelters for the protection of people from acute toxic hazards like ammonia. Internationally, our clients include both ammonia producers and consumers who are looking to mitigate risk to acceptable levels in a variety of different applications including transportation fuel as well as industrial and agricultural uses. While ammonia seems to be leading the way as a hydrogen carrier for the marine industry, methanol may prove to be a good alternative for vehicle applications.

BakerRisk Services

Engineering and consulting expertise for ammonia and fertilizer companies.

We have over 35 years of experience providing a broad scope of engineering and consulting services for ammonia and fertilizer companies. Some of the key services include the following:

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Materials testing and investigations

  • Materials engineering and failure analysis
  • Mechanical integrity and remaining life assessments
  • Fitness for Service evaluations (ie; Brittle Fracture, HTHA, Fire and Heat Damage)
  • Incident investigations

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Consequence and Risk Analysis

  • Facility siting studies
  • Quantitative risk assessments
  • Transportation risk assessments including network and business interruption potential
  • Toxic dispersion studies
  • SIS/SIL evaluations

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Protective structure services

  • Protective structures design and building upgrades
  • Personnel protection with hazard-resistant and shelter-in-place (SIP) building design
  • Air ingress testing and integrated toxic detection systems for critical building personnel
  • Risk mitigation plans for safe sheltering and evacuation

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Hazard studies and analysis

 

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Research and Development

  • Ammonia Joint Industry Partnership (JIP)

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Videos

Hydrogen and ammonia testing.

Our Specialists

Meet our hydrogen and carrier experts.