Collaborate, Research, and Solve

The Explosion Research Cooperative

A further example of our dedication to investing in research, the Explosion Research Cooperative (ERC) is a joint industry research program started by BakerRisk in 1993 to serve as a resource for the oil, gas, and chemical processing industries to come together and share research, experiences, and best practices. The research supports improvements in explosion hazard models, structural damage, injury models, and structural design techniques to mitigate these hazards.

Previous Studies

  • VCE Blast Pressure Prediction and Loading on Buildings
  • Conditions Required for VCE deflagration to detonation transition (DDT)
  • External Blast Loads from Vented Dust Explosions
  • Probabilistic Treatment of Building Damage Assessments
  • Mixed Congestion VCE Testing
  • Laminar Burning Velocity of Hydrogen-Hydrocarbon Mixtures
  • Blast Pressure Infiltration into Buildings
  • Blast Wall Size, Position, and Blast Load Guidance
  • Improving Structural Modeling of Reinforced Concrete, Masonry, Tents, and Pre-engineered Metal Buildings
  • Far Field Structural Damage from Accidental Explosions
  • Glass Hazard Model Improvements
  • Thermal Response of Buildings
  • Physics-Based Occupant Vulnerability Model

How it works

Understanding the ERC.

Most organizations are not equipped to conduct the scale of research and testing needed to improve the prediction and risk management of accidental explosions. That’s where the ERC can assist.

The goal of this ongoing program is to undertake studies aimed at solving problems common throughout chemical processing industries and sharing the results, benefits, and costs among all participating companies. Research studies focus on preventing or mitigating explosions, quantifying hazards, analyzing siting of occupied buildings, designing protective structures, and upgrading existing buildings to resist blast and thermal loads.

The ERC is funded by chemical, petrochemical, and refining companies interested in understanding and predicting explosion hazards and their consequences on buildings, process equipment, and people. The ERC utilizes pooled funds from each of the participating companies in a cost-effective way to conduct such research and promote the exchange of information and results. The projects, scope of work, and proposed budgets are defined by vote of all participating companies at ERC meetings. Participation is open to companies operating with flammable and explosion hazards.


Why join the Explosion Research Cooperative?

Semi-annual meetings

Semi-annual meetings provide opportunities to interact with industry representatives. 

Leveraged research funding

Leveraged research funding – the pooling of research funds allows participating companies to receive over 20x their investment in research each year.

Access to previous years’ research

ERC participants have the ability to purchase all previous years’ research.

2023 Participants

Discover the ERC’s current contributors.

Want to join the ERC?

Fill out the form below to learn more.

ERC Interest Form
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Investigate and Improve

The Ammonia and Fertilizer Joint Industry Program

In April 2020, BakerRisk launched the Ammonia and Fertilizer Joint Industry Program (A&F JIP) to investigate potential damage and failure mechanisms of equipment in ammonia and fertilizer services so that appropriate mitigation practices can be identified and implemented. The program launched with nine international industry members but has grown significantly. All members receive and contribute to regular update presentations and meetings, roundtable discussions on priority topics, webinars for the members, and comprehensive reports for the A&F JIP study topics. Participation in the Program is open to all companies with ammonia and fertilizer operations.

Studies and Reports

The value of joining the A&F JIP.

Current members use A&F JIP reports and studies to improve mechanical integrity, reliability, plant operations, and safety at their facilities, and as a training resource for their staff.

In future years, A&F JIP studies will include other equipment and reliability topics in addition to emerging ammonia hazard and consequence challenges. Priority study topics for each year are identified and selected by the members and BakerRisk.

Current and previous studies include:

  • Ammonia Process Damage Mechanisms and Mitigation Options
  • Ammonia Storage and Loading Facilities Damage Mechanisms and Mitigation Options
  • Urea Process Damage Mechanisms and Mitigation Options
  • Nitric Acid Plant Damage Mechanisms and Mitigation Options
  • Select Ammonium Nitrate Damage Mechanisms and Mitigation Options
  • Latest Developments of High-Temperature Hydrogen Attack (HTHA) Inspection and Life Assessment Methods
  • Select Utilities (cooling water, BFW, and steam) Damage Mechanisms and Mitigation Options

Current A&F JIP members

Discover program funders and participants.

Want to join the A&F JIP?

Fill out the form below to learn more.

JIP Interest Form
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Our Specialists

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