Image of a battery energy storage system consisting of several lithium battery modules placed side by side. This system is used to store renewable energy and then use it when needed.

Why it matters

The importance of risk management for batteries and BESS.

Batteries allow the ability to store excess electricity during periods of over supply to ensure availability to provide a consistent supply to the commercial grid. With the push for electrical vehicles and utilities to convert to hybrid energy solutions, battery size and energy capacity will need to increase to meet demand.

But as they lean further into battery energy storage, providers and users of battery storage systems need to consider the potential hazards associated with their manufacture and operation. The 2017–2018 BESS fires in South Korea as well as the 2019 BESS explosion in Arizona clearly illustrate the need for proactive safety analysis of BESS infrastructure.

With BakerRisk’s experience in evaluating fire and blast hazards for many industries, including battery manufacturing and testing enclosures for major automotive manufacturers, our experts can help you to provide safe and reliable battery energy solutions to consumers worldwide. We can also assist companies in complying with industry standards, such as NFPA 855/68/69 and UL9540/9540A.


How BakerRisk enhances battery production processes to mitigate risk.

BakerRisk’s specialists can help mitigate risks and hazards for your battery production processes and BESS solutions. Furthermore, through testing and materials science analysis, we can improve the performance and reliability of your batteries and energy storage systems across the board. Over the years, we’ve performed many studies and created effective solutions in the BESS space for a variety of challenges. Here are some examples of the studies we’ve done for partners previously.

Hazard and risk mitigation

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Fire Protection

  • Emergency response planning
  • Fire protection review and design following NFPA 855 standards
  • Arc flash analysis

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Explosion Protection and Mitigation

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Incident Investigation and Litigation Support

  • Forensic investigation
  • Root cause analysis

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Consequence and Risk Analysis

  • Evaluating hazards (toxics, fire, and blast)
    • Flammable organic electrolyte
    • Runaway potential
    • Outgassing potential
    • Stored energy
  • CFD analysis

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Insurance Risk Engineering

Hazardous Area Classification

  • Hazardous area classification recommendations for battery manufacturing facilities

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Hazard Identification

  • Process Hazard Analysis (PHA)/HAZOP/LOPA
  • Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA)

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Performance and reliability



  • Battery cycle testing with UL 1641, UL 1973, and UL 9540/9540A
  • Consulting on periodic functional testing of batteries – developing procedures and helping with the testing

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Materials engineering

  • Guidance on battery technologies and evaluation to help determine the best battery system for the application
  • Materials characterization

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  • Battery management system (BMS) and energy management system (EMS) design – IEEE 1541 and UL 1741
  • Helping to understand battery sparks that can start a wildfire



See BakerRisk’s battery risk management in action.

Our Specialists

Meet our battery and BESS risk management experts.

Roger Stokes

Gabriel Shelton

Anibal Morones

Roshan Sebastian

Roshan Sebastian